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Alex, my response to this would be that you are neglecting the argumentative contexts.

1. I don’t think we can dismiss the fact that “we all” refers to a group of people from whom the veil which represented the hardening of the Jewish mind has been removed. This must exclude Gentile Christians.

2. I don’t think the resurrection is in view in 2 Corinthians 3:18. The glory is that of the new covenant in Christ, of which the Jewish apostles are ministers. Analogous to Moses, they reflect that glory.

3. Romans 8:28-30 is a different argument. Here Paul is saying that those who suffer with Christ for the sake of the gospel will eventually be vindicated and glorified. He does not have in mind all Christians but specifically those who are “heirs of Christ”—those who suffer with him and who will be glorified with him (Rom. 8:17).

4. The argument in 2 Corinthians 5:17-18 is also different. There is no reason why he should not be saying both that the Jewish apostles reflect the glory of the new covenant and that all who are in Christ are “new creation”.

5. Likewise, I don’t think we can simply conflate “glory” in Romans 9:23-24 with “glory” in 2 Corinthians 3:18. In the Romans passage “glory” refers to the recognition that the Jewish-Gentile church will have at the parousia, when Jesus is confessed as Lord by the nations. It is not the glory of the new covenant, contrasted with the lesser glory of the old covenant.

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