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John 5:25-29 is an odd piece of future eschatology in the Gospel—notice, for example, the contrast with the preceding paragraph 5:19-24. Jesus identifies himself with the “son of man” figure who is given authority and kingdom, understood here specifically as an authority execute judgment.

The allusion to Daniel 12:1-3 in verse 29 would imply that a “national” resurrection is in view, and since this comes as part of a fierce dispute with “the Jews”, that may be the point here.

But later passages may suggest that a wider judgment is in view:

Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out. (John 12:31)

And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. (John 16:8–11)

The association with the casting out of the “ruler of this world” at this moment, however, complicates the relation to Revelation 20, where Satan is cast out at the time of judgment against Rome, I think, whereas a resurrection of the righteous and unrighteous, all the dead, comes at the final renewal of creation.

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