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According to Guthrie/New Bible Commentary:

The promise was given here to the whole group of disciples (the verb is plural). Although it is not in human power to forgive sins, the preaching of the gospel proclaims such forgiveness. The verbs are in the passive which suggests it is God who is acting. Those who do not respond to the preaching of the gospel are left in their sins (Gk. ‘are retained’, which the NIV translates as ‘not forgiven’). With this promise, cf. Mt.16:18-19; 18:18-19.

Whatever you think, it’s one of those passages about the meaning of which there is debate.

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