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Yes, Paul can speak of believers as already “new creation,” and as already participating in the death and resurrection of Jesus—though Romans 6:5 speak of a future participation in a resurrection like his.

My argument is that Paul has in mind a real but limited resurrection of those who died in Christ, at the second horizon of the conversion of the nations of the ancient world to the worship of the God of Israel. This would not be a cosmic event, however. It is probably only the author of Revelation who goes the further step of positing an absolute remaking of heaven and earth as new creation.

It is this “first resurrection” of those who suffered as a consequence of their witness to the pagan world to which Paul refers in Philippians 3:10-12—real suffering, real death, real resurrection.

By omitting verse 15 you have misrepresented verse 16, which has to do with their thinking, not with their engagement in a resurrection process. Also “to the degree that” is not in the Greek. The verse reads: “In any case, to what (ie., what knowledge) we attained, let us hold to it.”

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