Add new comment

> I can’t see Jesus or his followers believing the powerful Romans would peaceably acquiesce and withdraw.

I think it’s conceivable that the status of Judea could have been reconfigured into a Tetrarchy governed by a tetrarch or “client-king”, and perhaps Jesus would have been as acceptable, to the Romans, a local ruler in Judea as Herod Antipas was in Galilee and Perea. Whether this arrangement would have been acceptable to enough Judeans to prevent the kinds of conflict with Rome that later arose, I do not know. The historical record of the two subsequent wars seems to me to suggest that the militants in Israel did not want half-measures, it was ‘total independence’ or ‘death’.

> Jesus and his disciples expected Yahweh to miraculously drive out the Romans

I think that after Caesarea, Jesus no longer believed this — he expected to die (and be raised afterward; what he thought would happen after his resurrection does not look like redemption — “Jerusalem shall be trampled under the Gentiles until their times are fulfilled”), though perhaps the apostles and disciples did.

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.